Ultrasonic Cleaning In Vehicles Repairing


Ultrasonic rinsing with dismantling nozzles primarily applied to the injectors, and the key point here is the use of ultrasound technology. After the initial inspection of nozzles on the stand before ultrasonic cleaning it is recommended to blow each nozzle with compressed air at low pressure (1-1.5 bar) to remove any remaining liquid and exfoliated debris from the nozzle before starting the following procedure.

Parts to be cleaned (this may be not only the nozzle but also carburetors, fuel pumps, and not only fuel system parts – candles, pistons, valves, etc.) are placed in a bath in a special solution, subjected to ultrasound from 15 for 30 min (depending on the degree of contamination, the bath characteristics and the applied fluid). The equipment may vary – accordingly, the output quality may differ. Those looking for quality typically take advantage of Hilsonic level equipment; the UK-based company is considered to be one of the leading ultrasonic cleaner manufacturing players.

However, in nozzles, unlike in other parts, there are certain things you should keep in mind – it is highly desirable to let them ‘work’ during the process of purification, that is, opening and closing the valve. For this purpose, the stands cleaning nozzles are provided control units which supply signals to the injectors at a predetermined frequency and duration (emitting, respectively, the desired engine speed and fuel injection time).

Cleaning efficiency is increased if the cleaning liquid is subjected to heat. For quality cleaning small enough power ultrasonic transducer bath – 50-100 W with a bath volume of 1.5-2 liters. The most common bath designed for the amplitude modulation frequency of 20-44 kHz ultrasonic vibration.

Ultrasonic cleaning is effective at any level of contamination (with high degree of contamination, this method is generally indispensable). In most cases, as a result of ultrasonic cleaning can achieve factory parameters of the injectors.

Complementing the innovations with conventional technologies

Rinsing and/or spraying is typically carried out on a special stand, which is usually combined with a stand injector test. The control system of the stand simulates the injectors on the engine with the only difference that instead of the fuel flowing through wash liquid is applied. An operator manipulating the frequency of electric oscillations injector valve achieves occurrence in the fuel supply passage cavitation – the formation of air bubbles in the liquid. This results in more effective destruction of contaminants. The moment of cavitation is determined visually – the coming out of the nozzle jet fuel becomes brown because of losing slag. Again, the fact should be underlined that this method is better used as an additional or extra measure (ultrasound is a more powerful technology here).

Also, some boards have the function of so-called backwash – nozzles installed on the stand ‘upside down’ and the quality of them washed away the remnants of deposits remaining after the application of other methods (such as ultrasonic cleaning). Typically, backwash function applies only to the nozzles from the top of the fuel supply.

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UK’s younger generation DUI shocking numbers


Charitable organisations that fight drunk driving have concluded that young drivers in the UK tend to ignore the warnings of the police and the public and continue to drive after drinking alcohol.

According to a new study conducted by the Institute of Advanced Motorists Association and the governing bodies of the police in the framework of the social campaign of the government on the prevention of drunk driving holidays motorists who have not attained the age of 25, often sit behind the wheel while intoxicated. In calculating the results of respiratory tests for alcohol content in blood it was found out that the car drivers under the age of 25 years are nearly 2 times more likely to allow themselves to drive drunk in comparison with motorists in the age group older than 25 years.

Stats more than 6 thousand adolescents under the age of 18 were arrested for drink driving during the period from 2008 to 2013. According to data that have been obtained by police across the UK, 6,558 teenagers were arrested for drunk driving in the last five years, and the youngest detainee was only 11 years old. These figures also indicate that on average each week police detained five teenagers under 18 years old. According to statistics, many of these drivers go without insurance, and 25% of these teenagers at the time of detention were less than 16 years.

However, according to the Ministry of Transport, the total number of teens who got behind the wheel drunk, continues to decline from year to year. Fastest number of such drivers falls in Merseyside, Devon and Cornwall. However, in some regions, including North Yorkshire and Staffordshire, the number of drink drivers under the age of 18 is increasing. According to Solicitors Guru, an aspiring legal platform focusing on drink driving and speeding penalties assistance,  Manchester is leading in the number of young drink drivers arrested: in the past five years these violations resulted into arrest of 409 people, and some of them were only 12 years old. The tendency of drink driving teens arrests is on the rise Scotland – where the police recorded 718 cases in 2014.

The researchers also concluded that the number of cases where a breathalyzer showed excess of the allowable limit of blood alcohol in December 2014 decreased compared to the same period of the previous year. This has been fixed and the growth in the number of refusals to undergo the procedure to check the blood alcohol content using a Breathalyzer at the downside of the road.
Specialists of the Institute of Advanced Motorists believe that young motorists are more likely to take risks, so that’s why they often ignore Traffic Police recommendations and do not observe the rules of safe driving. Kate Pavitt, director of the Academy for training of driving vehicles, says: ‘According to recent statistics, the highest rate of accidents on the roads of Britain observed among drivers in the age group of 17 to 24 years. Driving under the influence is still one of the most common causes of deaths on the roads. One of the eight deaths in road accidents in the UK is the result of driving while intoxicated’, Ms. Pavitt added.

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The core influential aspects of the web on modern marketing


The web brings new features and advantages in comparison with marketing based on traditional technologies. Evaluating the benefits of online tools is not the best idea – with the rise of the internet marketing has become way more sophisticated. Here’s a selection of the core advantages according to HTP Digital’s Matthew Brown, digital marketing Manchester professional, specialising in building online promotion strategies.

Moving the key role from producers to consumers

One of the most fundamental qualities, introduced by the Internet is a key role of the transition from producers to consumers. The Internet has made an opportunity to attract the attention of new client in just tens of seconds a reality. However, at the same time it has enabled the same user to move to any of the competitors in a few clicks. In such a situation the attention of buyers becomes the greatest value, and establishing relationships with customers mainly represent the most important capital of the companies.

Globalization of activities and reduction of transaction costs

Internet has significantly changed the spatial and temporal scales of conducting commerce. It is a global medium of communication that doesn’t have any territorial limits, while the cost of access to information does not depend on the distance from it, as opposed to traditional media, where this dependence is directly proportional. Thus, e-commerce allows even the smallest suppliers to reach global presence and do business on a global scale. Accordingly, customers also have the opportunity to choose from all the global potential suppliers that offer the required products or services regardless of geographic location. The distance between the seller and the buyer is important only in terms of transportation costs.

The time scale in the Internet environment is also significantly different from the usual one. High efficiency communicative properties of the Internet makes it possible to reduce the time to find partners, decision-making, execution of transactions, new product development, and so on. The information and services available on the Internet around the clock. In addition, the communication characteristics have high flexibility to easily make changes to the information provided, and, thereby, to maintain its relevance, without time delay and costs of distribution.

These effects also result in a significant reduction in transaction costs, i.e. the costs associated with establishing and maintaining communication between the company, its customers and suppliers. Thus the cost of communications compared to traditional means becomes minimum, and their functionality and scalability are significantly increased.

Personalization of interaction

Using the tools of electronic interaction, companies can obtain detailed information about individual customer requests and automatically deliver products and services tailored to individual requirements. One simple example is the individual layout of a web-site for customers from different regions, activated basing on user’s IP address.

A decrease in transformation costs

The transformation costs decrease can be achieved by selecting the optimal structure of the product portfolio, reduction of time to develop and introduce new products, reasonable pricing policy, reducing the number of intermediaries, the cost of sales, and so on. For example, one way to reduce transformation costs might be a reduction in distribution channels of the goods. The reason for the reduction of distribution channels is the ability for companies to take over functions traditionally performed by intermediaries, as the Internet has the ability to interact more efficiently with customers and at the same time allows you to keep track of customer information.

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No Win No Fee: The Ins & Outs Of The Concept


According to a number of researches those lawyers working on a success fee do not particularly benefit in terms of profit with respect to those who practice hourly fee services. Those who agree to get a percentage of the winnings oftentimes tend to refuse the client, if they see the futility of the proceedings, while, performing work on the basis of billable hours lawyers have almost no risk and, therefore, they are less selective as a rule.

Indeed, there is a risk that the lawyers charged an hourly fee, may try to stretch the case by declaring unlawful demands and using a variety of procedural tools to extend the trial to sort out every detail, even if this is not necessary.

Most often, a lawyer will not abuse her position, because of the possible loss of trust of the client, which can adversely affect its business reputation. That is more applicable to individual specialists rather than large businesses. Thus, the reputable companies of Forster Dean Solicitors caliber, having a deep focus on accident claims and no win no fee practices, cherish their reputation and the short cash is not something it can be interested in.

Some customers think that the size of the ‘success fee’ is too large, but when you consider that a lawyer actually runs the risk that she would work for free – the amount doesn’t seem so significant. Even the minimum hourly rate of lawyers is quite high, although the actual amount of time and effort spent on the job may be less than specified in the contract.

Most often, companies use a mixed system of valuation services by applying success fee as well as fixed price quotes or hourly rates. This allows you to more intelligently manage the risks of the law firm.


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